What are the signs of endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a painful condition affecting women in their child-bearing years. It can interfere with fertility and significantly interrupt the daily life of sufferers. For women with severe cases, surgery may be necessary. If you are experiencing the following symptoms, consider talking to your physician about whether endometriosis could be to blame.

Pain
Pain is the most common symptom of endometriosis. For women with endometriosis, the tissue the typically lines the uterus grows outside of it, often along the ovaries, Fallopian tubes, and throughout the abdominal cavity. This tissue often responds to hormonal changes in the same way it does inside of the uterus, so it bleeds during your menstrual cycle.

Because the blood cannot be expelled in the same way it is from your uterus, it builds up and causes pain and pressure. Depending on the location of the tissue growth, women may experience:

  • Intense menstrual cramping
  • Pain in the back and pelvis
  • Painful sex
  • Painful bowel movements

Bleeding Between Periods
Women with endometriosis may experience bleeding between their periods. This bleeding can range from mild spotting to flows similar to menstruation. It can be difficult to predict when the bleeding will occur, making it difficult to manage.

Endometriosis isn’t the only women’s health issue that can cause bleeding between periods, so it’s important to get an accurate diagnosis of the cause if you are experiencing this symptom.

Infertility
It is possible to get pregnant when you have endometriosis, but it is more difficult. Physicians are not sure why endometriosis interferes with fertility, but the excess tissue may make it difficult for the sperm and egg to reach each other or the lining of the uterus may not be properly developed for implantation.

Approximately 50% of women who are struggling to conceive have endometriosis.

Endometriosis can be a debilitating and frustrating condition, but the women’s health providers at Los Robles Health & Medical Center can help. We offer comprehensive women’s health services for gynecological conditions, as well as obstetrics and breast care. To get a referral to a specialist, please call (877) 888-5746.