Over the last twenty years, cardiovascular disease has been the leading cause of death worldwide. There are many issues related to cardiovascular disease, most of which are related to a condition called atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis occurs when fatty plaques build up on the walls of arteries, narrowing them and making it much harder for blood to flow through. When a clot forms on these plaques, heart attack or stroke can result. Other types of cardiovascular disease include heart failure, arrhythmia, and valve disease.
To avoid developing diseases of the heart and vessels, make healthy lifestyle choices and develop heart-healthy habits:
Physical activity is essential for reducing your risk of cardiovascular disease, and its benefits are proven and well-documented. Find an activity that you enjoy and do it often.
- Eat the right kinds of fats
Not all fats are bad for you. Dietary fats are actually vital in supporting cell growth and absorbing certain nutrients. Eat foods with a moderate amount of fat, such as lean meats, poultry, and fish. Avoid both saturated fats and trans fats.
- Do not smoke
Smoking is associated with more than just cardiovascular disease, so avoiding it will reduce your risk factors for multiple chronic medical conditions.
- Lose excess weight
Weight loss should be achieved through a combination of a healthy, balanced diet and regular exercise under the supervision of your physician.
- Practice good nutrition
Changing your dietary habits can help reduce your risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and excess body weight.
- Drink only in moderation
If you drink alcohol, limiting your intake to one drink for women and two for men can reduce your risk for many cardiovascular events.
In the early stages of cardiovascular disease, making these simple lifestyle modifications can reverse, slow, or stop disease progression. To learn more about living a heart-healthy lifestyle, contact Los Robles Hospital & Medical Center of Thousand Oaks, CA at (805) 497-2727.