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Examining the Different Types of Heart Disease

Heart disease

Heart disease is one of the leading causes of death in the United States. There are many different kinds of heart disease—some develop over the course of a person’s life and others are congenital, or present at birth. Below are a few of the many different diseases that can affect the heart:

  • Coronary artery disease
    Coronary heart disease, or CAD, occurs when the heart muscle is not supplied with adequate blood flow due to a blockage of the coronary arteries, leading to heart muscle damage or a heart attack.
  • Irregular heart rhythm
    Arrhythmias are abnormal beats of the heart and can include beats that are too slow (bradycardia), beats that are too fast (tachycardia), extra beats, skipped beats, and beats coming from abnormal areas of the heart. Arrhythmias can be caused by the normal conduction pathway of the heart being interrupted or the heart’s natural pacemaker developing an abnormal rhythm.
  • Valve disease
    A valve is located at the exit of each of the four chambers of the heart and is responsible for preventing the backflow of blood. When these valves are compromised by stenosis or are leaky, heart failure can result. There are several types of heart valve disease that can be acquired over a lifetime or developed before birth.
  • Cardiomyopathy
    Cardiomyopathy is a progressive disease of the heart muscle in which the muscle becomes abnormally stiffened, thickened, or enlarged. As a result of these changes, the muscle’s ability to pump blood through the body is compromised, which can result in heart failure or abnormal heart rhythms.

Each type of heart disease has its own symptoms that depend on the severity and type of the heart condition. The Heart Disease Center at Los Robles Hospital & Medical Center is nationally recognized for providing the community of Thousand Oaks with some of the best cardiac care. Learn more about our full range of services by contacting us at (805) 497-2727.


HPV and CVD

Studies have shown that tumor-associated human papillomavirus (HPV) degrades tumor suppressing protein p53. Although this may sound like it has nothing to do with heart disease, the suppression of p53 has actually been shown to be associated with accelerated atherosclerosis. In this video, you can learn more about how oncogenic HPV can affect the rates of atherosclerosis in women living in the United States.

If you would like to learn more about reducing your risk of atherosclerosis or other cardiovascular diseases, contact the professionals at Los Robles Hospital & Medical Center. We are committed to providing the best possible care to the communities that we serve. Visit our website or contact our staff at (805) 497-2727.


Cardiovascular Disease - Reducing Your Risk Through Lifestyle Modifications

Heart Disease

Over the last twenty years, cardiovascular disease has been the leading cause of death worldwide. There are many issues related to cardiovascular disease, most of which are related to a condition called atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis occurs when fatty plaques build up on the walls of arteries, narrowing them and making it much harder for blood to flow through. When a clot forms on these plaques, heart attack or stroke can result. Other types of cardiovascular disease include heart failure, arrhythmia, and valve disease.

To avoid developing diseases of the heart and vessels, make healthy lifestyle choices and develop heart-healthy habits:

  • Exercise
    Physical activity is essential for reducing your risk of cardiovascular disease, and its benefits are proven and well-documented. Find an activity that you enjoy and do it often.
  • Eat the right kinds of fats
    Not all fats are bad for you. Dietary fats are actually vital in supporting cell growth and absorbing certain nutrients. Eat foods with a moderate amount of fat, such as lean meats, poultry, and fish. Avoid both saturated fats and trans fats.
  • Do not smoke
    Smoking is associated with more than just cardiovascular disease, so avoiding it will reduce your risk factors for multiple chronic medical conditions.
  • Lose excess weight
    Weight loss should be achieved through a combination of a healthy, balanced diet and regular exercise under the supervision of your physician.
  • Practice good nutrition
    Changing your dietary habits can help reduce your risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and excess body weight.
  • Drink only in moderation
    If you drink alcohol, limiting your intake to one drink for women and two for men can reduce your risk for many cardiovascular events.

In the early stages of cardiovascular disease, making these simple lifestyle modifications can reverse, slow, or stop disease progression. To learn more about living a heart-healthy lifestyle, contact Los Robles Hospital & Medical Center of Thousand Oaks, CA at (805) 497-2727.


Heart Attack Warning Signs

Heart Health

A heart attack, also called myocardial infarction, is a life-threatening medical event. A heart attack occurs when blood flow to a part of the heart muscle is interrupted, resulting in damage or death of the muscle cells. Most heart attacks are caused by a blood clot blocking one of the coronary arteries, or the vessels that are responsible for delivering oxygen-rich blood to the heart. Once a vessel is blocked, the cells no longer receive the oxygen they need to function.

Heart attacks may also occur as a result of plaque buildup in the arteries. Plaque is a hard substance that is largely composed of cholesterol. When these plaques develop cracks or tears, blood platelets tend to stick to them and form a clot, which can also block blood flow to the heart.

Myocardial infarction can occur at any time, but is most common when a person is resting, is asleep, suddenly increases physical activity, suffers from a sudden, severe emotional or physical stress, or partakes in strenuous activity in cold weather. While some heart attacks set on suddenly and have intense symptoms, most start slowly with mild signs and progress in severity. Oftentimes, people are unsure of what is happening and wait too long to seek medical intervention. The signs of a heart attack include:

  • Severe or mild chest pain that lasts more than a few minutes or occurs intermittently; it can feel like bad indigestion, heavy pressure on the chest, or like a tight band is wound around the center of your chest
  • Shortness of breath, with or without chest pain
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Pain or discomfort in the arms, back, neck, stomach, or jaw
  • Feelings of anxiety or impending doom
  • Dizziness or light-headedness
  • Fast or irregular heartbeat
  • Heavy sweating

If you experience possible heart attack symptoms, seriously consider calling 911 and seeking immediate emergency care. The Emergency Medicine and Trauma II Center at Los Robles Hospital & Medical Center provides cutting-edge emergency care for the community 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. For more information, contact us at (805) 497-2727.


Enjoyed Our Recent Blog Topics? Check Out these Resources for More Great Information

Healthcare and Medicine

Are you looking to learn more about Gamma Knife technology or any of our other recent blog topics? The helpful resources below will provide you with additional information. Please call Los Robles Hospital & Medical Center at (805) 497-2727 if you have additional questions or would like to speak with one of our nurses.

  • The benefits and procedures of hands-only CPR are described in greater detail on the American Red Cross’ website.
  • This MedlinePlus article provides helpful information about coronary angiography, including how the test is performed and what to expect.
  • This article from WebMD.com gives an overview of what to expect from a cardiac catheterization.
  • You can read about the causes, symptoms, and treatment of coronary heart disease from this article posted on The New York Times’ website.
  • Read more about the benefits of the da Vinci surgical system from the USC Keck School of Medicine website.
  • This article from the American College of Surgeons describes how trauma center designations work.
  • RadiologyInfo.org provides more detailed information about the uses of Gamma Knife technology.
  • Gamma Knife can be used in the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia. Learn more about this nerve condition at the website for the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.
  • When suffering from illness or injury, deciding where to seek care can be confusing. Read this guide from DukeHealth.org to learn about the different options available and their purposes.
  • The National Stroke Association provides more information on the signs and symptoms of a ‘brain attack’.

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