Testicular cancer affects men of all ages from all walks of life. According to the
American Cancer Society, the rate of testicular cancer has been increasing over the past several
decades, but many men are unaware of the signs and risk factors for this
disease. April is Testicular Cancer Awareness Month, which hospitals around
the country embrace as an opportunity to educate the community about this
form of cancer. Here are some of the facts you need to know about testicular cancer.
Testicular cancer disproportionately affects young men.
Although testicular cancer only accounts for one percent of cancers in
men overall, it is the most common kind of cancer among men
between the ages of 15 and 35. Fortunately, testicular cancer is very treatable, despite the fact that
most testicular tumors are metastatic, especially when the disease is
diagnosed early. Roughly one in 250 men will get testicular cancer, but
only one in 5,000 will die from the disease.
Many risk factors are unknown.
Testicular cancer is most common in Caucasian men. Men who have a history
of testicular cancer in their families also have a higher risk of developing
the disease, as do men with undescended or abnormally shaped testicles.
Unlike many other forms of cancer, there are no obvious connections between
testicular cancer and lifestyle choices. Men who get testicular cancer
often do not have any clear risk factors for the disease.
Knowing the signs and doing self-exams could be life-saving.
The most frequent first indicator of testicular cancer is a painless lump
on the testicles. Other signs include changes in the size of a testicle,
a sense of heaviness or a collection of fluid in the scrotum and a dull
ache in the lower back or groin. Some men also notice breast tissue enlargement
or tenderness. Since catching cancer early is important, men should perform
monthly self-exams, preferably in the bath or shower, when warm water
relaxes the scrotum. If you notice any changes, see your physician.
Los Robles Hospital Cancer Center in Thousand Oaks provides advanced cancer treatment through a team of compassionate specialists.
Find a cancer specialist or get a referral to any physician throughout
our hospital network by calling (877) 888-5746.